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Amber Fort Tour

Amber Fort
 
 
 
Location :
Built by :
Time to Visit :
Visit Time :
On Delhi-Jaipur Highway, 11 km from, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Raja Man Singh I, 1592
October to March.
9.30 a.m.- 4.30 p.m.
 
Amber Fort is located in Amer ( a town with an area of 4 square kilometres ( 1.5 sq mi ), 11 kilometres ( 6.8 mi ) from Jaipur, Rajasthan state, India. It is one of the principal tourist attractions in the Jaipur area, located high on a hill.Amer Fort was made by Raja Man Singh I. Amer Fort is known for its artistic style, blending both Hindu Rajput elements. The fort with its large ramparts, series of gates and cobbled paths, overlooks the Maota Lake, at its forefront. The aesthetic ambiance of this formidable fort is seen within its walls on a four level ( each with a courtyard ) layout plan in well turned out opulent palace complex built with red sandstone and marble consisting of the Diwan-e-Aam or the `Hall of Public Audience`, the Diwan-e-Khas or the `Hall of Private Audience`, the Sheesh Mahal ( mirror palace) or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas where a cool climate is artificially created by winds that blow over the water cascade within the palace. Hence, the Amer Fort is also popularly known as the Amer Palace.The palace was lived in by the Rajput Maharajas and their families. At the entrance to the palace near the fort`s Ganesh Gate, there is also a temple dedicated to Sila Devi, a goddess of the Chaitanya cult which was gifted to Raja Mansingh when he had defeated the Raja of Jessore in Bengal ( Jessore is now in Bangladesh ) in 1604. This fort along with Jaigarh Fort located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela ( Hill of Eagles ) of same Aravalli range of hills, is considered as one complex, as the two are well connected by subterranean passage. This passage was meant as an escape route in times of war for the royal family members and others in the Amer Fort to shift to the more redoubtable Jaigarh Fort.
 
 
 
History
 
Amber Fort was known in the medieval period as Dhundar ( meaning attributed to a sacrificial mount in the western frontiers ) and ruled by the Kachwahas from the 11th century onwards - between 1037 and 1727 AD, till the capital was moved from Amer to Jaipur. The history of Amer is indelibly linked to these rulers as they founded their empire at Amer. Earlier to the Kachwahas, Amer was a small place built by the Meenas in the town they consecrated to Amba, the Mother Goddess, whom they knew as `Gatta Rani` or `Queen of the Pass`. The Amer Fort, as it stands now, was built over the remnants of this earlier structure during the reign of Raja Man Singh, Commander in Chief of Akbar`s army and a member of the Emperor`s inner circle of nine courtiers, in 1592. The structure was fully expanded by his descendant, Jai Singh I. Even later, Amer Fort underwent improvements and additions by successive rulers over the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II, in 1727. Many of the ancient structures of the medieval period of the Meenas have been either destroyed or replaced. However, the 16th century impressive edifice of the Amer Fort and the palace complex within it built by the Rajput Maharajas are very well preserved.
 
 
 
Attractions
 
Old Amber Palace Jaipur : The Old Palace lies at the base of the Jaigarh Fort. This area was the original Amber before Man Singh I came along and went on a building spree. The early 13th century palace here is not very interesting as compared to the grand Amber Fort-palace, yet you could do with a visit.

Diwan-i-Am or Hall of Public Audience : This is a delicate palace which you would come across on your travel to Amber fort. This forty pillared pavillion is perfect example of intricate craftmanship and was constructed by Mirza Raja Jai Singh.

Shila Mata Temple : Entry into Shila Mata Temple is through Singh Pol. The temple is devoted to Shila Mata ( Goddess Kali), the goddess of victory and houses a black marble idol of the goddess which was brought here from Jessore by Raja Man Sigh in 1604. You would find nine images of Goddess Durga ( strength ) and ten forms of Goddess Saraswati ( knowledge) which are carved on the silver gates of the temple.

Ganesh Pol & Suhaag Mandir : Ganesh Pol forms another attractions in Amber fort and is an imposing gateway which lies south of Diwan-i-am. The gateway has been painted beautifully and endorse typical Rajasthani motifs.

Diwan-i-Khas ( Hall of Private Audience ), Sukh Niwas, Jai Mandir & Jas Mandir : Diwan-i-Khas show cases a rich amalgam of Rajput and Mughal architecture. The architecture is showcased in the fascinating Diwan-i-khas, Sukh Niwas, Jai Mandir and Jas Mandir. Decorated with beautiful mirror work, Diwan -I - Khas has wonderful carvings on the walls and the ceilings.

Jagatsiromani Temple : All around the place here are scattered bits and pieces of Amber`s rich past. The old chhatris ( cenotaphs ), looking like domed pavilions, show some remains of paintings. Among the many temples near the Old Palace is the beautiful Jagatsiromani Temple dedicated to Lord Krishna.

Temple of Sanwalji : Across the road is the JainTemple of Sanwalji. Nearby are the old Temple of Narsinghji with its marble jhoola ( swing ), the Temple of Ambikeshwara and the Lakshmi Narayanji Temple.

Panna Mian ki Baoli- Stepwell : One marvel of designing is the 17th century ornate step-well Panna Mian ki Baoli. Stepwells were like community centres in the past, and constructing them was considered an act of great generosity and benevolence. Panna Mian is one such water tank surrounded on three sides by criss-crossed steps.
 
 
 
Structure
 
The Structure which is known today as `Amber Fort` was initially a palace complex within the original fort of Amber that is today known as Jaigarh Fort. Connected to Amber via fortified passages, Jaigarh Fort is located on a hill above the Amber complex, and is constructed of red sandstone and white marble. It and was reputed to be the treasure vault of the Kacchwaha rulers Like the entire fort complex, Amber Fort is al overlooks Maotha Lake,so constructed of white and red sandstone. The Fort is unique in that its outside, an imposing and rugged defensive structure, is markedly different from its inside, an ornate, lavish interior influenced by both Hindu and Muslim ( Mughal ) styles of ornamentation. The walls of the interior of the fort are covered with murals, frescoes, and paintings depicting various scenes from daily life. Other walls are covered with intricate carvings, mosaic, and minute mirror work.

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